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Tags: assurance audit control quality. Latest Highest Rated. By the end of this Presentation you will 2 Dictionary Definition Quality Assurance- Quality Control- All actions taken to ensure that standards and procedures are followed to and that delivered products or services meet performance requirements. Quality control refers to the process, most often implemented in manufacturing, of monitoring the quality of finished products through measures and an overall corporate commitment to producing defect-free products.

S QC Quality control and quality assurance are important concepts, yet most project managers have only a vague understanding of the meanings and the differences between these terms. S QC Quality Control refers to quality related activities associated with the creation of project deliverables. Quality control is used to verify that deliverables are of acceptable quality and that they are complete and correct.

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Examples of quality control activities include deliverable peer reviews and the testing process. The auditor being able to tell if the deliverable seems acceptable based on the process used to create it quality assurance.

quality control ppt

Examples of quality control activities include deliverable peer reviews and the testing process too. If your project gets audited, for instance, an auditor might not be able to tell if the content of a specific deliverable is acceptable quality control. S QC How Developers look at QA Quality Assurance is the process that no matter the complex the program defects can be easily fixed to ensure quality later when truly Quality should be designed into the product.

QA usually takes close to 35 of the Project Process time between testing and reviewing.

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S QC The terms quality assurance and quality control are often used to refer to ways of ensuring the quality of a service or product. The terms, however, have different meanings Control An evaluation to indicate needed corrective responses the act of guiding a process in which variability is attributable to a constant system of chance causes.

Assurance The act of giving confidence, the state of being certain or the act of making certain. S QC The cost of quality. It's the cost of NOT creating a quality product or service. S QC Quality control managers are responsible for maintaining the quality and reliability of products and services.

Quality control managers inspect and test products at various stages in the production process. A Quality Assurance manager, also known as quality monitoring manager, is the main position involved in a QA job. Quality assurance activities are focused on the process used to create the deliverable.In this article, I explain three fundamental concepts that every buyer should be familiar with when it comes to quality control and inspections:.

If you have not started doing professional quality control, you will need to understand these 3 concepts to make sure the QC inspection plan meets your needs and that you obtain products which reach your expectations from your suppliers in Asia. Shipments often represent thousands of products. A solution is to select samples at random and inspect them, instead of checking the whole lot. But how many samples to select?

On the one hand, checking only a few pieces might prevent the inspector from noticing quality issues; on the other hand, the objective is to keep the inspection short by reducing the number of samples to check.

For example, for an order of 8, products, only samples are checked. Military Standard was created by the US Department of Defense to control their procurements more efficiently. In they decided to rely on non-governmental organizations to maintain this type of standard. The major third-party QC firms use the same standards and the same statistical tables. Suppose you source a product from a factory that often ships substandard quality. You know that the risk is higher than average.

How to increase the discriminating power of the inspection? You can opt for level III, and more samples will be checked.

Similarly, if a supplier has consistently delivered acceptable products in the past and keeps its organization unchanged, you can choose level I. As fewer samples have to be checked, the inspection might take less time and be cheaper.

Not to be confused with the severity — I wrote about this here. Inspectors frequently have to perform some special tests on the products they are checking. In some cases the tests can only be performed on very few samples, for two reasons:. For a given order quantity, each level gives a different number of samples to check.

The number of samples to draw varies from 8 to Depending on the level you choose, the inspection might take only one inspector for one day, or up to 4 or 5 days of work. They are different concepts. In part 1, we explained the different inspection levels that can be used. Another basic concept rings familiar to many importers but is often not clearly understood: the AQL Acceptance Quality Limit.After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play.

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Products Sold on our sister site CrystalGraphics. Title: Quality Control. Description: The basic quality control statistics Trouble with the instrument, Tags: basic control instrument quality system. Latest Highest Rated. Quality Control in the clinical laboratory is a system designed to increase the probability that each result reported by the laboratory is valid and can be used with confidence by the physician making a diagnostic or therapeutic decision.

The simplest type of QC procedure uses one rule to reject the analysis based on QC results falling outside of a range such as the 95 range. These facts are based on probability that the correct decision was made 95 of the time when results that fall within this range are accepted. When testing is qualitativethat is, positive or negativea simple one-rule policy is acceptable. The known values are usually represented by an interval of acceptable values, or upper and lower limits for control control limits When the observed values fall within the control limits analysis is working properly When the observed value fall outside the control limits the analyst should be alerted to the possibility of problems in the analysis.

When QC samples do not produce accurate and precise results, it can be assumed that any patient results obtained at the same time are also erroneous. Following a set of guidelines for acceptance or rejection of patient results based on the QC results helps to assure reliability of the analysis. The measurement of QC samples will detect problems of precision and accuracy over time.

Interpretation of control results is based on using specific rules for acceptance and rejection of QC results, documenting results and decisions, and having a process for resolving problems that result in rejection of results.

It is derived from the curve of normal distribution.Quality Control is an essential part of any production process and highway constructions are no exception. The need for quality control on these specifications has increased considerably in recent times due to a significant increase in traffic intensities.

The extra cost of exercising quality control being only a fraction of the resulting benefits. The cost of exercising quality control would be percent of the total construction cost. The direct and indirect economic return from quality control could be of the order of 5 to 10 percent of the total construction cost. Adequately trained staff and equipped agency for exercising quality control should be set up. Periodic appraisal of the quality control data should be made not only for implementation during construction but also for effecting possible improvements in quality control and the construction techniques.

Updating of knowledge by on job-training. Process Quality Control - the designer makes the decisions regarding the type of equipment, the procedure of construction and the amount of work required to obtain the desired result. End quality control-In the end result type of quality control, the construction agency,which may be a private contractor, has a free hand in the selection of construction methods and equipment to achieve the desired end product.

In the End result' type of specification,the field engineering personnel carry out tests on finished work at regular intervals to evaluate whether it meets the specification requirements or not whereas in the Process type control,the responsibility of field personnel is to make sure that the work is carried out as per laid down specifications.

quality control ppt

Quality controls tests on materials at project site are essential to ensure that the materials being incorporated in the construction are of specified quality. All the materials brought to the site shall be stacked and stored as specified so as to prevent deterioration or intrusion by foreign matter and to ensure the preservation of their quality and fitness for work.

Materials which have been improperly stored or have been stored for long periods shall be re-tested where their suitability in the work is doubtful. The procedure for testing of different materials and work shall be in accordance with the relevant standards and specifications. Where specific procedure of testing is not indicated,the tests shall be carried out as per the prevalent practice to the direction of the Engineer-in-Charge.

Additional testing shall be carried out for abnormal conditions where variations may be excessive or where circumstances so warrant otherwise. For effective control quality of materials and work,it will usually be necessary to laydown the acceptance criteria in the contract documents. The training could be imparted by known road research institutes or through on job training. The Regional laboratories located at circle level will be headed by Executive Engineers Quality Control In addition, they shall provide all facilities for training of all the Quality Control Staff in the Region.

It is desirable that of the total tests, 70 percent are carried on by the Junior Engineer, 20 percent by the Executive Engineer and the remaining 10 percent by the Executive Engineer. The test result record registers shall be maintained regularly linked with the assured quality of work. The design mix proportions arrived at in the laboratory shall be based on representative samples of materials actually available at the site.

Prime coat where necessary shall be applied over the prepared base at the specified rate before laying the bituminous surfacing. Mixing plant shall be of adequate capacity to field a mixture of proper and uniform quality. Quantities of various sizes of aggregates shall be fed to the dryer in such proportions that the resulting combination complies with the job mix formula.

The temperature of binder at the time of mixing shall be in the range of CC and of aggregates in the range of CC. Care should be taken so that the difference of temperature between the aggregates and the binder does not exceed C.

Mixing time should be shortest possible to obtain uniform distribution of the binder and a homogeneous mix. Binder content with mix shall be checked periodically to ensure that the same conforms to the specifications. The mix shall be carried to the site by tipper trucks and spread and Compacted to obtain a carpet of required thickness.

Spreading shall be done by self-propelled mechanical pavers provided with screeds for spreading,tamping and finishing the mix true to grade,line and cross-section. The temperature of the mix at the time of laying shall be in the range 0CC. Soon after laying of the mix,rolling shall be started with tonnes vibratory rollers at a speed not more than 5 Km per hour.Introduction Derived from Latin word Qualita which means what some thing is really like.

ISO defines as the totality of features and characteristics of a product or service that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs. Quality control is the process and mechanism by which the specified quality is achieved. Quality costs more, but lack of quality costs even more, so cost of repairing bad quality is high. Introduction Contd Quality is not grade. An example: Luxurious hotel with poor service or small guest house with excellent services.

Quality standards do not demand the best quality; they establish the minimum requirements to be achieved.

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Quality control system is like human health, If one of its part is weak, the whole system will suffer. For Engineers quality refers meeting the Specifications and Standards set out in full.

The determination of P and E will most likely to based on perception with the organization determining performance and the customer determining expectations. Concept of Quality Contd. Quality of design Quality of drawings and documents Quality of supervision Quality of construction materials Quality of workers Quality of tools and equipments Clients desire to pay Management and organization Qualification of contractors Time period available for construction Geographical Location of construction site Statutory Regulations.

Hi-tech desire of the client Invention of new materials Quality of construction materials supplied 8. Prevention cost: cost involved in activities to ensure right first time performance. Appraisal cost: cost involved in activities that check whether right first time is achieved. Failure Cost: cost involved in the activities which result from not conforming to the right first time.

In construction quality cost is mainly the PoNC Quality Cost in Construction Contd. Objectives of Quality Control To prepare and use good quality construction materials. To employ appropriate construction methods.

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To enforce appropriate construction manner. Quality Control System The Quality Control System comprises: Methods Procedures Organization for the Quality Control of the works Responsibility of Contractor for Quality: Conformity: All material incorporated and all workmanship performed strictly in conformity with the requirements of the Specifications and the Contractor shall be responsible for the quality of the works in the entire construction within the contract.

Field Laboratory Establishment: The Contractor shall provide, use and maintain on the Site, throughout the period of execution of the contract:. The list of laboratory equipment to be procured and laboratory facilities to be provided shall be got approved from the Engineer. To assume that tests shall be required on all materials to be used in the works and on all finished works or part of works.

Sequence a.The specific objective will be spelled out prior to the inspection. As a minimum, each pharmaceutical quality control laboratory should receive a comprehensive GMP evaluation each two years as part of the statutory inspection obligation.

These investigations represent a key issue in deciding whether a product may be released or rejected and form the basis for retesting, and resampling. He ruled that an OOS result identified as a laboratory error by a failure investigation or an outlier test. The court provided explicit limitations on the use of outlier tests and these are discussed in a later segment of this document. The court ruled on the use of retesting which is covered in a later segment of this document.

OOS results fall into three categories:. An OOS laboratory result can be overcome invalidated when laboratory error has been documented. However, non-process and process related errors resulting from operators making mistakes, equipment other than laboratory equipment malfunctions, or a manufacturing process that is fundamentally deficient, such as an improper mixing time, represent product failures. Examine the results of investigations using the guidance in section 5 above and evaluate the decision to release, retest, or rework products.

A very important ruling in one recent court decision sets forth a procedure to govern the retesting program. This district court ruling provides an excellent guide to use in evaluating some aspects of a pharmaceutical laboratory, but should not be considered as law, regulation or binding legal precedent. The court ruled that a firm should have a predetermined testing procedure and it should consider a point at which testing ends and the product is evaluated. If results are not satisfactory, the product is rejected.

quality control ppt

Firms cannot rely on resampling. The court ordered the recall of one batch of product after having concluded that a successful resample result alone cannot invalidate an initial OOS result.

Quality Control in Road Construction

Averaging can be a rational and valid approach when the object under consideration is total product assay, but as a general rule this practice should be avoided. The court ruled that the firm must recall a batch that was released for content uniformity on the basis of averaged test results. This phenomenon is particularly troubling if testing generates both OOS and passing individual results which when averaged are within specification.

Here, relying on the average figure without examining and explaining the individual OOS results is highly misleading and unacceptable. In the case of microbiological turbidimetric and plate assays an average is preferred by the USP.

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In this case, it is good practice to include OOS results in the average unless an outlier test microbiological assays suggests the OOS is an anomaly.Copy embed code:. Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed.

WordPress Embed Customize Embed. URL: Copy. Concept of statistical quality control. With the use of control charts and collecting few but frequent samples, this method can effectively detect changes in the process that may affect its quality.

Under the assumption that a manufactured product has variation and this variation is affected by several process parameters, when SQC is applied to "control" each parameter the final result trend to be a more controlled product.

SQC can be very cost efficient, as it usually requires collection and charting data already available, while "product control" requires accepting, rejecting, reworking and scrapping products that already went through the whole process.

COM Control Charts: Control Charts Primary purpose of control charts is to indicate at a glance when production processes might have changed sufficiently to affect product quality. If the indication is that product quality has deteriorated, or is likely to, then corrective measure is taken.

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If the indication is that product quality is better than expected, then it is important to find out why so that it can be maintained.

Use of control charts is often referred to as statistical process control SPC. COM Types of Control Chart: Types of Control Chart Variables Control Charts The quality characteristics are variables and numerical values can be obtained for each Examples: average length, average diameter, average tensile strength, average resistance, average service time. Attributes Control Charts The quality characteristics are the proportion of nonconforming items, the number of nonconformities in a unit, and the number of demerits per unit.

Variability of the output is monitored using the R-chart. The 3 s lower control limit is D 1 R. The 3 s upper control limit is D 2 R.

Quality Control - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Factors D 1 and D 2 are based on sample size. He has determined that when the filling operation is functioning correctly, bags of cat food average COM Quality Control in Services: Quality Control in Services In all services there is a continuing need to monitor quality Control charts are used extensively in services to monitor and control their quality levels With automation, inspection and testing can be so inexpensive and quick that companies may be able to increase sample sizes and the frequency of samples, thus attaining more precision in both control charts and acceptance plans.

Processes must be operated to achieve quality conformance; quality control is used to achieve this. Statistical control charts are used extensively to provide feedback to everyone about quality performance. COM Thank You!

TQM - Total Quality Management Lecture - Animation Video

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